The Bauhaus was one of the most signiﬁcant schools of art, design and architecture in the 20th century. As a new idea and pioneering modernist concept, it revolutionised the different arts and found followers around the world. One hundred years after it opened, it still inspires artists across the globe.
The Berlin architect Walter Gropius founded the Bauhaus in 1919 in Weimar, as a university for design. Following moves to Dessau in 1925 and Berlin in 1932, when the Nazis seized power in 1933 they forced its then director, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, to close the school down.
One of the precepts of the Bauhaus was to strengthen craftsmanship in the face of industrialisation. Consequently, it was not just architecture that emerged from its various workshops, but also works of painting, sculpture, photography, furniture, weaving, metalwork and ceramic.
There is no such thing as a uniﬁed Bauhaus style. Rather, its character was developed by the prominent artists who taught at the Bauhaus, or who learned their trade there. These include Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Lyonel Feininger and Marianne Brandt – still some the most important artists of modernism, even today.
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